Residential & Cottage » Septic Systems


If you live in a rural area, small community or have a cottage, then chances are you have a septic system. Septic systems are on-site treatment units that eliminate the need for municipal sewers. Septic systems are comprised of a tank, a network of pipes and billions of organisms that process your waste.

Q: What are the main components of a standard septic system?
A: The most common septic system is called a Conventional Septic Bed. It is also referred to as a Tile Bed, a Leaching Bed or Leach Field. It consists of two basic components: a septic tank for solids and scum, and a tile bed for effluent to drain into.

Q: What is a “Tertiary” system and when it is used?
A: A Tertiary septic system is a septic system that complies with the Effluent Quality Criteria as regulated by the Ontario Building Code (OBC) table This waste has been dramatically reduced in strength from a normal residential strength waste count of 120-150mg/l BOD5 to a mere 15 mg/l.

Waste exiting a Tertiary system is reduced to about 1/10 the strength of what regular residential strength waste is! Because of this, leaching bed sizing is reduced to 1/3 of what a conventional system would require, and in some instances it is 1/4 the size of a conventional bed!

These systems are typically used when you have limited space available or truly care about the waste water entering the environment.

The OBC has approved over a dozen different companies to produce Tertiary Treatment Systems such as Waterloo Biofilter, MicoFast Systems and Bionest Systems just to name a few. Let us help you in making your choice for what system works best for you.

Q: What maintenance does my septic system require?
A: An on-site sewage system professional should inspect the system and clean out your effluent filter every year, and a licensed sewage hauler should pump out the septic tank every 3 to 5 years to remove the solids and scum.

Q: Will I need permits for a new septic system? If so, can you help with the process?
A: If you are installing, repairing, upgrading or replacing you will need a permit. Let our professional staff look after obtaining all of your septic permits. All you have to do is provide us with the required documents.

Q: What’s the best finish for a septic system? Grass or sand?
A: Topsoil and grass are the best finish for a septic system.

Q: Can I park vehicles over top of my septic system when it’s finished?
A: No. You should NEVER park a vehicle or trailer on top of your septic bed.

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